Top 23 Types of Wood to Explore And Experiment With in The Wood Workshop

I give to you what was promised, but even better; I’ve created the list in the order of the lowest price to the higher price range!

Basswood- PRICING: is INEXPENSIVE. COLOR: The colors of this certain wood range from a creamy white to creamy brown, or creamy reddish with broad rays and at times with slightly darker streaks. GRAIN: This type of wood has a grain with very small pores and is straight and even making it a -> closed grained wood. Basswood is a common hardwood, that is used in combination with rare woods like walnut and mahogany.

Beech- PRICING: is INEXPENSIVE. COLOR: This wood has a variety of shades in the light brown color and a pale cream sometimes with a reddish hue. Beech wood is usually stained (takes stain well), often used to imitate other woods like mahogany, maple, or cherry. GRAIN: This wood has a grain that is straight with large rays and fine lines. Beech wood is a hardwood that is easily bent although not as attractive as some other woods. It is usually used alongside more expensive woods, primarily in unsuspecting places such as chairs, table legs, drawer bottoms, sides, and the backs of cabinets. Also known to be rot resistant and to repels insects.

Pine [ White Pine ]- PRICING: INEXPENSIVE. COLOR: Colors for pine varies from cream to a yellow-brown with clearly marked growth rings. GRAIN: -> a closed grained. Pine/ White Pine is a softwood that is consistently used for Colonial furniture, and in just about all types of furniture. It is a primary or go-to wood in unfinished furniture and is one of the basic woods of modern furniture.

Poplar [ Yellow Poplar ]- PRICING: is INEXPENSIVE. COLOR: is a brownish yellow with a distinctive green and sometimes gray tinge and stains well (if stained). GRAIN: This grain is uniform and straight with small pores that have no specific arrangement as well as distinct growth rings. Poplar [Yellow Poplar] is a moderately softwood that is used in making inexpensive furniture and in combination with more expensive woods. It is relatively light weighted wood and is easy to work with hand tools.

Gum [ Sweet Gum, Red Gum ]- PRICING: MODERATE TO LOW. COLOR: The heartwood had a pink-brown to reddish brown and sometimes has darker streaks that are sometimes gray with a grayish tinge. The sapwood is a creamy white and at times with pink tinges. If stained properly, it can be imitated to look like walnut, cherry, birch, and maple wood. GRAIN: This grain is usually irregular with a uniform texture. -> locked grained wood. Gum [Sweet Gum/Red Gum] is a hardwood that is often used in making veneers or alongside other rare wood types. Also used in the construction of moderately priced furniture.

Ash [ White Ash ]- PRICING: is MODERATE. COLOR: is a creamy white to gray with a light brown tinge to a dark reddish brown hue. GRAIN: This wood has a grain that is just about always consistently straight, with narrow rays and normal spacing. The wood almost mimics oak wood with its medium to coarse texture. Ash [White Ash] is a tough and sturdy hardwood, known primarily for its spectacular ability to bend when used in the workshop. It is often used for bentwoods and as well as bent parts that are required in some furniture that need maximum strength; Ash veneers are also created commonly.

Hickory [ Shagbark Hickory ]- PRICING: is MODERATE. COLOR: this wood has a brown to a reddish brown color. GRAIN: -> open-grained and indistinct, this wood is very hard and heavy in weight, as well as difficult to work with your hand tools. Hickory [Shagbark Hickory] is a hardwood known for its strength, toughness, and hardness. Is is normally used to build rockers, certain chairs, lawn furniture as well as veneers.

Lauan [ Red Lauan, White Lauan ]- PRICING: MODERATE, although the Red Lauan wood can cost more than the White Lauan type of wood. COLOR: ranges from a tan – beige, to brown, and dark red. GRAIN: This particular wood has a grain that almost mimics authentic, true mahogany with its quite pronounced ribbon – like grain pattern and coarse texture. -> open grained. Lauan [Red Lauan, White Lauan] is a hardwood that is often and usually used to look like to mahogany due to its striking similarities. It is because of this that the Lauan wood is usually sold and known as Philippine Mahogany. It is also used in the making of the lesser grade furniture.

Pecan- PRICING: MODERATE. COLOR: the color to Pecan wood usually varies from a pale brown to a reddish brown; at times accompanied with the occasional dark streaks. GRAIN: Although this wood is typically hard to work with using hand tools, the grain pertaining this particular wood is quite pronounced. Although the grain is often found straight, it can be found at times to be wavy. Pecan wood is a southern hardwood that is extremely strong and durable, reason being it being used very extensively in dining, office furniture, and on occasions pecan veneers are often made.

Sycamore- PRICING: MODERATE. COLOR: This particular wood has a varying range of color shades from a pink-ish hue to a somewhat reddish brown tone with prominent and closely spaced rays. GRAIN: distinct and fine, with an evened out texture although it is found to be relatively easy to work with using your hand tools. –> interlocked grained. Sycamore is found to be a hardwood that is constantly used in the making of inexpensive furniture as well as veneers. * It is to be said that Sycamore wood tends to be a go – to wood for many butchers, to be used as a cutting board / block; probably due to its resistance to splitting and splintering.

Birch [ Yellow Birch ]- PRICING: MODERATELY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Although found to be usually dull and boring in appearance to some, Birch is a light tan to yellowish brown hue ( that can be similar in color to the maple wood). GRAIN: Birch has a grain that is normally straight, but can be found in slightly wavy; it is known to be fairly easy to work with using your hand tools. –> closed grained. Birch [ Yellow Birch ] wood is commonly known as a hardwood that is extensively used in all aspects of any construction of furniture.

Butternut- PRICING: MODERATELY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Butternut wood can appear in hues of light brown to a tan with the occasional reddish or dark streaks. And the sapwood normally being a light yellowish to white tint. GRAIN: Butternut grain is typically said to be straight as well as being very prominent and leafy. Butternut wood is known as a hardwood with a coarse texture and visible open pores; which helps when filled well with stain and often mimics dark walnut wood. This wood is light in weight and is fairly simple to work with using your hand tools. * Butternut wood also comes with the additional nickname of ” White Walnut” wood reason being ridiculously alike to walnut wood.

Cedar [ Eastern Red Cedar ]- PRICING: MODERATELY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: can be found in hues of light red with light streaks or even a brown with violet tints. GRAIN: usually has a straight grain accompanied by some present knots with fine texture. –> closed grained. Cedar [ Eastern Red Cedar ] is a known softwood that is commonly used in the building of chests as well as closets. Cedar wood should NOT be bleached or stained; as for storage chets, the inside should be left unfinished and be given a clear finish treatment on the exterior surface. * It is said that Cedar wood is helpful against repelling insects.

Oak [ Red Oak and White Oak ]- PRICING: MODERATELY EXPENSIVE, but the White Oak wood is usually more expensive compared to the Red Oak. COLOR: Being that these are two separate woods, White Oak appears to have a grayish brown yet rich color tone, meanwhile the Red Oak is slightly similar to its sister White Oak albeit with a pronounced reddish brown tint. GRAIN: Red Oak is lighter in weight, and has more porous and –> open grained. White Oak is heavier in weight, with both having distinct and prominent streaks and rays. Oak [ Red and White Oak ] wood is found as an abundant hardwood. It is valued heavily for its strength and attractive grain. Used extensively in the construction of solid furniture, modern furniture, as well as veneers. Red Oak is best used in the building of indoor furniture while White Oak is much more resistant to rotting, it is best used in the building of outdoor furniture.

Cherry [ Black Cherry ]- PRICING: EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Cherry wood color tone usually varies from a pale and/or light brown to a dark reddish brown. GRAIN: This wood has an attractive and commonly has a definite mottle. –> closed grained. Cherry [ Black Cherry ] wood is one of the most valued woods of hardwoods. It is usually used in the construction of fine and exquisite furniture and cabinets. Cherry wood does NOT require any filler; if you’d like to make the color more prominent, using a light stain will help achieve accentuated color tone. Cherry wood is known to be difficult if you decide to use your hand tools to work with.

Maple [ Sugar Maple ]- PRICING: USUALLY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: This wood has a color tone ranging from a light brown with reddish tints, to an off cream with golden hues. GRAIN: Usually found having a straight grain but can be found slightly wavy, or curly patterns that mimic the curl patterns in birds-eye. Maple [ Sugar Maple ] is found to be a hardwood with strong and heavy attractive traits. It is commonly used in furniture construction as well as for butcher blocks. It is known to be relatively difficult to work with your hand tools.

Mahogany [ New World Mahogany, African Mahogany ]- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Mahogany typically has a varying range of color tones, from a medium brown hue to a deep reddish – brown and even to a dark red tone. GRAIN: Mahogany almost always has a beautiful grain that is found to be straight, even, and fine making it a very attractive grain. African Mahogany has a pronounced ribbon stripe patterns with a lack of ripple marks. –> interlocked grained. Mahogany [ New World and African Mahogany ] is a hardwood that has been found to be a traditional favorite wood in the making of some of the most fine furniture and is one of the most treasured furniture woods known to our planet. It is also used very often in the making of exquisite veneers.

Rosewood [ Brazilian and Eastern Indian Rosewood ]- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Usually varies from a dark brown tone to a dark purple or violet hue, accompanied with rich and prominent black marked streaks. GRAIN: Brazilian Rosewood grain is normally uniformed and straight but in some cases may appear to have interlocked, wavy, or spiral like grains. Meanwhile the Eastern Indian Rosewood grain is almost always narrowly interlocked in grain appearance. Rosewood [ Brazilian and Eastern Indian Rosewood ] is labeled as a hardwood and mimics Mahogany wood in its favorable and most valued furniture wood traits and characteristics as well as being used in the making of fine veneers. Rosewood is known to be difficult to work with when using your hand tools.

Satinwood [ East Indian Satinwood ]- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Satinwood color tones usually varying from a bright, golden yellow tone to a darker yellowish brown hue with a orange-ish tint. GRAIN: The Satinwood grain is almost always has an –> interlocked grain often accompanied by a rippled grained pattern and at times, makes a pleasantly distinct mottle pattern visible to the eye. Satinwood [ East Indian Satinwood ] is a hardwood that is almost always a highly prized wood, often used for fine hardwood veneers as well in the uses of decorative inlays and marquetry.

Teak- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Usually varies from a rich golden yellow hue to a darkening medium brown tone, at times with both dark and light streaks. GRAIN: The grain for Teak wood is usually straight but at times may appear to have a wavy or even an interlocked grain rather than the usual straight pattern. Teak Wood is a hardwood that has been traditionally consumed to create both solid pieces or furniture and veneers.

Walnut [ Black Walnut, European Walnut ]- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE. COLOR: Walnut wood is a chocolate brown like tone and sometimes joined with dark or purple and grayish hue streaks. GRAIN: Walnut wood grain is very striking and attractive, usually having a –> straight grain but has a chance to have a figured ( curly, spiral ) grain pattern similar to the European Walnut grain patterns. Walnut [ Black Walnut and European Walnut ] is a hardwood that has almost always been the choice of wood for fine furniture and is still in demand to this day! Often used for making veneers, furniture, cabinets, interior paneling, and small solid pieces.

Elm [ Rock Elm, American Elm ]- PRICING: VERY EXPENSIVE AND RARE! COLOR: Elm Wood tones range from light browns to a medium dark brown often with a reddish hue of red streaks. GRAIN: Both Rock and American Elm have a well defined and –> interlocked grained, which makes it very resistant to splitting. As well having an uneven texture. Elm [ Rock Elm and American Elm ] wood is classified as a hardwood. It contains excellent bending capabilities and is frequently used in the making of all types of furniture with a specialty in bentwoods. Due to the infamous Dutch Elm Disease destroying so many live, living trees it has made it a rare and expensive wood.

Redwood- PRICING: USUALLY VARIES REGIONALLY. COLOR: Can come in deep reddish brown along with well marked growth rings. GRAIN: is usually found straight grained but in some cases, the grain may appear wavy in “figured” pieces. Redwood is classified as a distinctive softwood and is primarily used in the building of outdoor furniture. It is known to be resistant to decay as well as repellent to insects and is rarely ever finished. It also proves to be generally hard to work with using your hand tools.